Today, the Israeli flag, or degel דֶגֶל is one of the most recognisable symbols of the State of Israel, but this wasn’t always the case! The design we’ve come to know and love came from several previous iterations which look nothing like it does now.
Even when the Jewish people were wandering in the desert after the Exodus from Egypt, each of the 12 tribes had their own decorative flag. Theodore Herzl’s original design for the flag of a modern State of Israel featured seven golden stars on a white background.
The blue and white kachol ve’lavan כָּחֹל וְלָבָן of the flag represents the striping colours of a tallit טַלִית, or prayer shawl, while the 6-pointed star is the ancient Jewish symbol of the Magen David מָגֵן דָוִד, or Star of David. Some people say the blue represents the sky.
If you were put in charge of designing the Israeli flag, what would it look like? What colours would you use? What symbols would be on it?
We’re all used to the traditional flag, but this Yom Ha’atzmaut, try your hand at making one of these fun versions! Don’t forget to share your pictures on social media tagging us @UJIA and @PJLibraryuk
Use strips of blue and white paper cut from newspapers or magazines to make your own Israeli flag!
Old Newspapers or Magazines
Sink your hands into it by painting in Israeli colours on a paper plate! You can then hang them to make a mobile or wall hanging!
Blue and White Paint
String for Hanging
LOLLY STICK GARLANDS
It’s easy to make the shape of a Magen David by making two triangles out of lolly sticks. First paint them blue, you can even decorate them with glitter! Once they’re dry, use white glue to form them into two triangles, and then glue the two triangles together. Once dry you can tie string around them to make a lovely hanging garland for your Yom Ha’atzmaut BBQ!
Lolly Sticks in Multiples of 6
PVA / White Glue
EASY PAPER BUNTING
Nothing like some flag bunting to get you in a festive mood! Cut out rectangles or triangles from your paper, draw on some Israeli flags, and hang them from a string!
Felt Pens / Crayons / Colouring Pencils
ISRAELI FLAG CUPCAKES
Have your flag and eat it too! Make your favourite cupcakes, and decorate them in white and blue!
Try out this recipe:
110 g Softened Butter or Margarine Chemah חֶמאָה
110 g Caster Sugar Sukar סוּכָּר
2 Eggs Beitzim בֵּיצִים
½ tsp Vanilla Vanil וָנִיל
110 g Self-Raising Flour Kemach קֶמַח
½ tsp Salt Melach מֶלַח
150 g Softened Butter Chemah חֶמאָה
300 g Icing Sugar Sukar סוּכָּר
1 tsp Vanilla Vanil וָנִיל
½ tsp Salt Melach מֶלַח
3 tbsp Milk Chalav חָלָב
Blue Food Colouring Tzeva Ma’achal צֶבַע מַאֲכָל
1. Beat butter and sugar together until fluffy, then mix in 2 eggs.
2. Add vanilla, flour and salt.
3. Spoon the mixture into cupcake cases, then cook at 180 C / gas 4 for 15 minutes until golden brown.
4. To make the buttercream, whisk butter until creamy, then add icing sugar, vanilla and salt. When smooth, add milk and blue food colouring. Pipe onto tops of cupcakes.
Hummus may be one of Israel’s most famous dishes, but here it is like you’ve never had before. Make up a bowl of hummus, either homemade or from the store, and see what you can add to change the colour. Try paprika for red adom אָדוֹם, or turmeric for bright yellow tzahov צָהוֹב. What do you think you could add to turn it blue kachol כָּחוֹל?
See if you can draw designs with the hummus, or even make an Israeli flag by adding cut vegetables.
If you want to make your own hummus, try out this recipe:
Cooked or Canned Chickpeas Gargirei Hummus גַּרְגִּירֵי חוּמוּס
Tahini Techina טְחִינָה
Lemon Limon לִימוֹן
Garlic Shum שׁוּם
Parsley Petrozilia פֶּטרוֹסִלִיָה
Put all the ingredients in a blender, and blend thoroughly. You can even try adding other things, like cooked beets, or chillies!